The effects of often interrelated global problems such as natural disasters, climate crisis, wars, biodiversity loss, epidemics, economic crises, forced migrations, cyber-attacks, water crisis, food crisis, when combined with the results of current urbanization practices, have become even more profound. All these global problems we face in the 21st century make it necessary to focus on the “resilient city” approach, which means maintaining resilience against risks, adapting to changes and developing flexibility against unpredictable situations.
The effects of radical changes faced by cities manifest themselves in different ways at spatial, social, and institutional levels. Urban resilience includes learning the risks and hazards and having strong governance networks to enable urban systems to be planned against the possible risks of the future. Resilient cities interact strongly with every component of urban and social life, such as production and consumption networks, population and demography, urban ecosystem, institutional organizations and urban design.
Resilience means ensuring all groups of society -particularly vulnerable groups- adapt to new conditions while producing solutions to constantly evolving problems. The “resilient city” axis will discuss the struggle of cities for survival from different perspectives in relation to the other axes of MARUF21.